All You Need To Know About Career Choices

WHAT IS A CAREER?

According to Arnold (1997:21), a career is a sequence of employment-related positions, roles, actions, and experiences. A career defines how one sees oneself in the context of one’s social environment, in terms of one’s plans, one’s past accomplishments or failures and one’s present competencies and attributes (Raynor & Entin, 1982:262). UNESCO (2002:4) defined a career as the interaction of work roles and other life roles over a person’s lifespan including both paid and unpaid work. Career is also seen as the progress and actions taken by a person throughout a lifetime, especially related to that person’s occupations (Oloasebikan & Olusakin)

The major part of people‘s life is spent in occupational activities and these pursuits do more than simply provide income for livelihood (Bandura, 2002:279). Career guidance is widely accepted as a powerful and effective method of bridging the gap between education and the world of work and in informing an individual’s career choices (Ibrahim, Wambiya, Olaka & Raburu, 2014:301; Ajufo, 2013:312). In this article, I explain how to choose the right career for you and how family and the school system affect career choices.

Due to limited employment opportunities and lack of career guidance people have ended up in careers that they do not enjoy. Considering that we spend most of our time at work it is in our best interest to choose careers to which we are well suited. There are several factors that affect a person’s choice of career. It is however better to look for a career that you are going to enjoy. For most people understanding the world of work and making realistic plans after high school is not an easy task.

FAMILY INFLUENCE ON CAREER CHOICES

Families play a big role in choosing careers. In some instances parents want their children to follow those careers they followed themselves. This will not always work simply because other important factors affect our career choices. Without professional advice, parents can lead their children into careers that they will never enjoy and in some instances fail to excel at. Choosing a career should begin early in life to enable proper planning.

Research on family influence has increased rapidly during the last couple of years, yet an understanding of family influences on career choices remains sparse. Much of the research on family influence focus on individual parents’ careers, for instance, mothers or fathers influencing children to take up a certain career. This research considers family members’ influence on career choices which includes parents, siblings, and extended family members. The first interactions of a child with people take place within its home among members of its family who include parents, siblings, and relatives (Bollu-steve & Sanni, 2013:92). A child is affected by several family-related factors such as the marital relationship of the parents, the socio-economic status of the family, the atmosphere of the home (whether parents are warm or hostile), the environmental condition, occupational status of the parents, and the number of siblings in the family (Bollu-steve & Sanni, 2013:92). The family dynamics, therefore, play a pivotal role in the career readiness of the students.

 

Studies revealed that parents influence career choices among high school students. African studies, for example, in Kenya (Mokoro, Wambiya & Aloka, 2014:1465) and Nigeria (Abiyo & Eze, 2015:26; Abiola, 2014:231), have highlighted that many of the settings in which children and youth participants are dependent on the choices of their parents. Thus, parents’ decisions, choices of where to live, what to provide materially and relationally in the home, and how to structure out-of-school time for children, impacts children’s development in ways that are meaningful for later success in the world of work (Abiola, 2014:231). Beggs, Bsutham, and Taylor (2008:391) refer to “helicopter parents” who tend to intervene in their children’s college life from choosing a university to helping them choose individual courses. In this case, parents are seen as inseparable from their children’s career choices.

 

SCHOOL INFLUENCE AND CAREER CHOICE

Career guidance is offered at institutions of learning such as schools, colleges, and universities among others. High schools are a transition to higher institutions of learning and the world of work so they have a critical role in assisting students to choose careers (Baloch & Shah, 2014:547). If students have too many choices of careers or have not made a decision on which career to take, school career guidance helps select their study paths and in identifying their potential strengths to enhance their competitiveness for positions (Dodge & Welderndael, 2014; Sun & Yuen, 2012:204).

Krumboltz’s theory of Social Learning Theory of career development, emphasizes teaching people career development techniques so that they can give career guidance in schools. Similarly, Lapan, Tucker, Kim, and Fosciulek (2003:329) stated that the transition from high school to university or the world of work has been understood as one of the most difficult developmental challenges confronting adolescents and that schools play a pivotal role in guiding the students towards a career. The current study sought to find out whether career guidance offered in schools influences students’ career choices.

Edwards and Quinter (2011:85) emphasized the influence of Kenyan schools in students’ choices of careers when they argue that it is in schools where students learn about and explore various careers before they make career choices. Korrie and Wafula’s (2012:87) study highlighted the influence of the school on choosing a career.

STEPS TO FOLLOW WHEN CHOOSING A CAREER

Step 1: Self-Evaluation

Before you can choose the right career, you must learn about yourself. Your values, interests, soft skills, and aptitudes, in combination with your personality type, make some occupations a good fit for you and others completely inappropriate. Use self-assessment tools, and career tests to gather information about your traits and, subsequently, generate a list of occupations that are a good fit based on them. Some people choose to work with a career counselor or other career development professionals who can help them navigate this process.

Step 2: Make a List of Occupations to Explore

You probably have multiple lists of occupations in front of you at this point—one generated by each of the self-assessment tools you used. To keep yourself organized, you should combine them into one master list. First, look for careers that appear on multiple lists and copy them onto a blank page. Title it “Occupations to Explore.” Your self-assessments ​indicated they are a good fit for you based on several of your traits, so they’re worth exploring.

Next, find any occupations on your lists that appeal to you. They may be careers you know a bit about and want to explore further. Also, include professions about which you don’t know much. You might learn something unexpected.

Step 3: Explore the Occupations on Your List

Find job descriptions and educational, training, and licensing requirements in published sources. Learn about advancement opportunities. Use government-produced labor market information to get data about earnings and job outlook.

Step 4: Create a “Short List”

Now you have more information, start to narrow down your list even further. Based on what you learned from your research so far, begin eliminating the careers you don’t want to pursue any further. You should end up with two to five occupations on your “shortlist.”

If your reasons for finding a career unacceptable are non-negotiable, cross it off your list. Remove everything with duties that don’t appeal to you. Eliminate careers that have weak job outlooks. Get rid of any occupation if you are unable or unwilling to fulfill the educational or other requirements, or if you lack some of the soft skills necessary to succeed in it.

Step 5: Conduct Informational Interviews

When you have only a few occupations left on your list, start doing more in-depth research. Arrange to meet with people who work in the occupations in which you are interested. They can provide firsthand knowledge about the careers on your shortlist. Access your network, including LinkedIn, to find people with whom to have these informational interviews.

Carl Tapi is an Organisational Development Consultant at Industrial Psychology Consultants (Pvt) Ltd a management and human resources consulting firm. visit our website at www.ipcconsultants.com

264 Responses

  1. Great beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your site, how can i subscribe for a blog web site?
    The account helped me a acceptable deal. I
    had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast
    offered bright clear idea

  2. Excellent site you have got here.. It’s difficult to find high quality writing like yours nowadays.
    I truly appreciate people like you! Take care!!

  3. Kvjhen says:

    ampicillin 250mg cheap – order cialis 20mg generic purchase cialis sale

  4. When I originally commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added” checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get four emails with the same
    comment. Is there any way you can remove me from that service?
    Thanks!

  5. Enoyca says:

    cost amoxil 500mg – levitra 20mg generic levitra generic

  6. Xflwjo says:

    stromectol pill price – stromectol cost in usa levitra 10mg without prescription

  7. We will teach you how to earn $ 7000 per hour. Why? We
    will profit from your profit.https://go.binaryoption.ae/FmUKhe

  8. Thế tuy nhiên mẫu mã đẹp, giá rẻ bất
    ngờ cho thương hiệu nổi tiếng nhưng không thường xuyên về điều tiết ko khí.

  9. Marvelous, what a blog it is! This web site presents valuable facts to us, keep it up.

  10. Xqufss says:

    buy doxycycline generic – clomid for sale cialis 5mg generic

  11. Nvblim says:

    tadalafil 10mg price – approved canadian pharmacy modafinil pills

  12. Jleyio says:

    order deltasone 20mg generic – buy ed pills for sale accutane 40mg usa

  13. Yrmcxv says:

    cheap amoxicillin tablets – buy generic amoxil 500mg order sildenafil sale

  14. We will teach you how to earn $8000 per hour. Why?
    We will profit from your profit.http://binaryoptionsreview.eu/how-to-earn-9-000-binary-options-trading/

  15. Hscaab says:

    buy prednisolone 40mg generic – gabapentin 100mg sale order viagra 150mg sale

  16. Pszhwa says:

    order lasix 40mg sale – order furosemide 100mg online cheap stromectol buy uk

  17. We will teach you how to earn $ 9000 per hour.
    Why? We will profit from your profit.
    .

  18. Paurbi says:

    order plaquenil 200mg online cheap – aralen oral baricitinib 4mg cheap

  19. We will teach you how to earn $8000 per hour. Why? We will profit from your profit.http://binaryoptionsreview.eu/how-to-earn-9-000-binary-options-trading/

  20. Ikdepw says:

    metformin 1000mg pills – amlodipine 5mg uk amlodipine price

  21. Gdteqb says:

    order lisinopril 10mg without prescription – buy prilosec without prescription buy atenolol 100mg generic

  22. Txjsps says:

    buy levitra 20mg without prescription – levitra 10mg drug clomiphene 100mg for sale

  23. perfect

    thank you for a very good article

  24. Hqpbso says:

    ventolin 2mg generic – cheap dapoxetine 30mg priligy 60mg over the counter

  25. It’s wonderful that you are getting thoughts from this post as well
    as from our discussion made at this place.

  26. Uulkut says:

    order synthroid 150mcg generic – buy levothyroxine pills buy plaquenil generic

  27. Jhkzzy says:

    cialis order – sildenafil online sildenafil 25mg

  28. Znqvdc says:

    order prednisone 20mg online – purchase xenical generic oral amoxil

  29. Dusxac says:

    cheap diltiazem – order diltiazem generic buy generic gabapentin 600mg

  30. Lqlvik says:

    lasix cost – furosemide online buy buy doxycycline

  31. Sản phẩm dùng được đến trẻ từ 3 tuổi trở lên, nhân viên cứng cáp, người
    cao tuổi.

  32. I have been exploring for a bit for any high-quality articles or weblog
    posts on this kind of space . Exploring in Yahoo
    I at last stumbled upon this website. Reading this information So i am
    satisfied to convey that I’ve a very just right
    uncanny feeling I came upon exactly what I needed.
    I most indisputably will make sure to don?t forget this web site and give it a glance regularly.

    My page ut9win แทงหวยออนไลน์

  33. Elxvun says:

    order cenforce 50mg for sale – rosuvastatin 20mg oral domperidone pill

  34. Đồng thời, sản phẩm giúp kéo dãn thời gian xuất tinh, nhằm những đấng mày
    râu thể hiện nay bản lĩnh phòng the.

  35. Qoeyuw says:

    viagra 150mg usa – tadalafil pills usa cialis overnight

  36. FUN88 says:

    You are so interesting! I do not suppose I’ve truly read through anything like this before.
    So nice to discover someone with unique thoughts on this subject.
    Seriously.. many thanks for starting this up. This website is one thing
    that is required on the web, someone with a little originality!

    My web blog … FUN88

  37. Ykkzsf says:

    purchase modafinil pill – medication for ed budesonide medication

  38. GeorgeSquab says:

    where to buy prednisone in australia prednisone prescription online

  39. StephenDob says:

    https://prednisoneforsale.store/# 40 mg daily prednisone

  40. GeorgeSquab says:

    buy generic zithromax no prescription zithromax for sale online

  41. Shelbyquece says:

    zithromax online usa how much is zithromax 250 mg

  42. Bpmetv says:

    isotretinoin 20mg usa – cheap amoxicillin 250mg brand tetracycline 500mg

  43. StephenDob says:

    https://doxycyclineforsale.life/# doxycycline minocycline

  44. GeorgeSquab says:

    buy doxycycline uk doxycycline 200 mg tablets

  45. RobertBloto says:

    clomid pills buy online Website

  46. WilliamRix says:

    https://buynolvadex.store/# tamoxifen breast cancer

  47. Ibnhku says:

    cyclobenzaprine usa – buy cyclobenzaprine 15mg pill order inderal 20mg

  48. I delight in getting dicks shoved up my tight butthole.

    Observe me live absolutely freeon the most up-to-date gay website fuck cam.

  49. WilliamRix says:

    buy lipitor online uk how much is lipitor discount

  50. Kdzbzs says:

    order clopidogrel 150mg online cheap – order metoclopramide for sale reglan over the counter

  51. I take pleasure in having dicks shoved up my tight butthole.
    Perspective me live no cost on the most up-to-date homosexual world-wide-web sex
    cam.

  52. Edwardtic says:

    lasix for sale lasix tablet

  53. Hvspkd says:

    cozaar 25mg generic – topiramate 200mg without prescription promethazine 25mg without prescription

  54. Jefferyzes says:

    prescription drugs online without doctor canadian online drugs

  55. IsiahPat says:

    where to buy diflucan 1 diflucan prescription uk

  56. Tufpqf says:

    buy levofloxacin pills – levaquin online brand cialis pills

  57. Georgecot says:

    https://gabapentin.icu/# neurontin 100 mg cap

  58. IsiahPat says:

    ciprofloxacin 500 mg tablet price buy cipro

  59. Tvszbz says:

    order cialis 20mg pill – buy generic celebrex 200mg buy flomax 0.4mg

  60. Jefferyzes says:

    neurontin 800 mg price neurontin prescription

  61. IsiahPat says:

    neurontin price india neurontin 100

  62. ventilyatsiyaLet says:

    монтаж общеобменной вентиляции
    http://gdn-gyhp.ru

  63. Exceptional post but I was wanting to know if you could
    write a litte more on this topic? I’d be very thankful
    if you could elaborate a little bit further. Cheers!

  64. IsiahPat says:

    diflucan online nz how to buy diflucan online

  65. Georgecot says:

    https://diflucan.icu/# diflucan cost uk

  66. Jefferyzes says:

    medicine for erectile male ed pills

  67. Illxqa says:

    ondansetron 4mg for sale – spironolactone medication buy generic valacyclovir 1000mg

  68. IsiahPat says:

    ed meds online without prescription or membership ed meds online canada

  69. Jefferyzes says:

    cheap diflucan online buy diflucan generic

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.