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The biggest challenge facing Zimbabwean organisations today is to manage wages and salaries against the worsening economic environment. This is the time for the country, industry and individual organisations to rethink their remuneration systems .
The major problems which I have alluded to in my previous articles
arethat wages and salaries are based on grade (all jobs), NEC
negotiated, market related and are not performance based. Over and above these
challenges,99.99% of the
remuneration is fixed and guaranteed for most Zimbabwean organisations – in bad
times and good times you are forced to pay the same amount in salaries and
wages. A lot of the remuneration items are hidden and not properly accounted
for in staff costs.When I have helped companies to move to the total cost to
company model, many organisations are shocked at the true amounts they are
paying their staff. Another challenge is that very few organisations rarely pay
for extra value created and that is another danger sign.
The current wage system entirely based on collective bargaining is rigid and does not allow employers to take into consideration different company circumstances: positive or negative. Wages and salaries are set on the basis of performance next door (same industry). Over and above this Zimbabwean collective bargaining agreements are permanent: in good and bad times we use the same model. The current wage setting system presupposes a stable and improving economic conditions as it does not take into consideration deteriorating economic conditions. Since the current system is so rigid, a majority of employers have surrendered wage setting to National Employment Councils.The wages and salaries in Zimbabwe are supported by a plethora of benefits and allowances that do not make business sense in the current business environment. The above conditions have led to a significant escalation of wage costs – the consequences are evident everywhere (delayed salary payments).
So what are the consequences of all of the above?Unemployment,which is a
result of excessively high wages especially if not supported by productivity. Zimbabwe
is emerging as an interesting case study. Faced with this situation, employers
are likely to retain only those employees, whose productivity justifies higher
wage levels and laying off the remainder. Employers have the option to replace
labour with physical capital and technological innovations when labour
productivity is too low like in the case of Zimbabwe. On retrenchment,unfortunately,
it is always concentrated among lower skilled workers who do not have the
education and experience to justify higher wages. With rigid collective
bargaining agreements we are likely to see more companies switching from labour
(manual processes) to automated processesin theproduction process.
The proponents of minimum wages argue that minimum wage increases are
more likely to deliver income gains to low-skilled workers during good times
and but have dire consequencesin bad times. They argue that minimum wages may
stimulate macroeconomic growth. My challenge with this argument is that this a
luxury for those living in good times – economically. Minimum wages as a way to
fight poverty can bedone by those with extra resources but does not work in our
The business context in Zimbabwe is changing. Government, businesses and
individuals need to face reality and adjust. Revenue is cyclical over time and
wages grow exponentially over time. This is a natural phenomenon that we cannot
reverse. Employers and labour choose to fight instead of collaboration,
unfortunately it seems both sides are losing dismally.
Here is what I recommend as
the way forward:
The quick wins you need
to implement in the context of your business are as follows:Stop paying non –
performance related bonuses (13th cheque), hiring freeze, cheaper hires,
early retirement, freeze promotions and reduce non- statutory benefits.
The wage system is one of
the many problems facing Zimbabwean organisations. However the
greatest threat to Zimbabwean industries in not wage escalation. The greatest
threat is leadership incapacity across many levels. Due to the exodus of
talented people during the hyperinflation period, a number of organisations
moved people into roles when they were not ready. As result whatever savings
you will generate from salary cuts will be consumed by a greedy few.
Memory Nguwi is an Occupational Psychologist, Data Scientist, Speaker, & Managing Consultant - Industrial Psychology Consultants (Pvt) Ltd a management and human resources consulting firm. https://www.linkedin.com/in/memorynguwi/ Phone 481946-48/481950/2900276/2900966 or email: email@example.com or visit our website at www.ipcconsultants.com
This article was written by one of the consultants at IPC
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